In a report, United Nations Environment Programme said that Oman is one the most richest countries in diversity in West Asia, as it has mountain ranges, wadis, plains, cliffs, rocky hills and coastal areas. It is also home to both green and red turtles, sharks, dolphins, whales and birds of prey such as the Egyptian eagle and the golden eagle.
The report also stated that Oman has 99 different types of mammals, including the endangered species such as the Arabian tahr, Arabian oryx, Arabian leopard, red fox, gazelles and rabbits that live in the valleys and mountains. While in the Governorate of Dhofar, you may find wolves, rodents, the blue lizard, water snakes, Arabian toads and bats that live in the caves.
The report also pointed out that the Ras al Hadd, Ras al Jinz and Masirah Island nature reserve is considered to be one of the largest nesting grounds for the green turtles, with more than 3,000 turtles. Furthermore, the report also mentioned that the area of Barr al Hikman in the Governorate of Al Wusta on the southeastern coast of Oman has 30sq km of coral reefs, which makes it a fertile ground for sea plants. The area is also a resting ground for millions of migrating birds.
UNEP also said in its report that Oman has stunning deserts that range from the golden sand dunes in the east, Jedat al Harasis in the middle and the Empty Quarter to the far south.
These deserts are home to a number of animals of prey such as the lynx, Ruppell’s fox and wild sand cats. These deserts also hold the largest species of gazelles known as Ghazal al Reem, the Goitered gazelle.
The report also mentioned that the Governorate of Dhofar is one the most visited tourist attractions on the Arabian Peninsula, due to its breathtaking natural scenery, in addition to its wide range of tropical fruits, such as bananas, coconuts and sugarcane. The governorate is also known for frankincense trees that produce the highest quality of frankincense in the world.
The report also stated that Oman contains a wide range of flowers, and the governorates of Dhofar and Al Wusta are known to be among the top 35 destinations with a large variety of flowers.