Laura Do Vale
Laura Do Vale is a trained clinical psychologist as well as a neuro-psychologist with over ten years of practice. She is currently doing her PhD from the University of Estremadura, Spain. She has practiced at the trauma unit of the Central Hospital of S. Jose; at the oncology unit at Capuchos Hospital, the Children’s Hospital at Dona Estefânia and as the pneumologist at the Hospital of Sta Marta, Lisboa – Portugal. She now works at Muscat Private Hospital.
As this will be my last article, I would like to talk about emotional dependency as I find it to be one of the reasons we end up getting many troubled children and adults in our appointments as psychotherapists.
The importance of punishment
Using sanctions for the reinforcement of a 'no' may not be effective in all children. Each parent has to find a punishment that is most suitable for his own child, knowing that the important thing is not the punishment itself, but what is communicated through it.
To become healthy adults, children need to learn to deal with moments of frustration and annoyance, and know their limits.
Adolescence is a period that follows childhood and extends into adulthood. It is an important phase in which the child is neither fully an adult nor a child. It usually lasts from the age of 14-20 for boys, and from 12-18 years for girls.
Anxiety neurosis is a mental disorder characterised by an almost constant state of restlessness, anguish, fear, etc., which is like a malaise. The affected person is in constant tension and has a fear of something that he may not be able to define.